People who work magic are called by several names in fantasy works, and terminology differs widely from one fantasy world to another. The term archmage , is used in fantasy works as a title for a powerful magician or a leader of magicians. In the Enchanted Forest Chronicles , Patricia Wrede depicts wizards who use magic based on their staves and magicians who practice several kinds of magic, including wizard magic; [ clarification needed ] in the Regency fantasies, she and Caroline Stevermer depict magicians as identical to wizards, though inferior in skill and training.
In role-playing games, the types of magic-users are more delineated and are named so that the players and game masters can know which rules apply. The exact rules vary from game to game. Enchanters often practice a type of magic that produces no physical effects on objects or people, but rather deceives the observer or target through the use of illusions. Enchantresses in particular practice this form of magic, often to seduce. Lewis 's The Silver Chair enchants Rilian into forgetting his father and Narnia; when that enchantment is broken, she attempts further enchantments with a sweet-smelling smoke and a thrumming musical instrument to baffle him and his rescuers into forgetting them again.
The term sorcerer is more frequently used when the magician in question is evil. This may derive from its use in sword and sorcery , where the hero would be the sword-wielder, leaving the sorcery for his opponent. Witch also carries evil connotations.
In The Marvelous Land of Oz , he dubbed her "Glinda the Good," and from that point forward and in subsequent books, Baum referred to her as a sorceress rather than a witch to avoid the term that was more regarded as evil. Wizard and warlock usually refer to a male, while witch usually refers to a female. In Witch World , a man who anomalously showed the same abilities as a witch was called a warlock. The term warlock is sometimes used to indicate a male witch in fiction. However, either term may be used in a unisex manner, in which case there will be members of both sexes bearing that title.
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If both terms are used in the same setting, this can indicate a gender-based title for practitioners of identical magic, such as in Harry Potter , or it can indicate that the two sexes practice different types of magic, as in Discworld. A common motif in fiction is that the ability to use magic is innate and often rare, or gained through a large amount of study and practice.
Tolkien 's Middle-earth , it is mostly limited to non-humans, though some people gain small amounts and become known as sorcerers wizards being powerful spirits. Magicians normally learn spells by reading ancient tomes called grimoires , which may have magical properties of their own. In worlds where magic is not an innate trait, the scarcity of these strange books may be a facet of the story; in Poul Anderson 's A Midsummer Tempest , Prince Rupert seeks out the books of the magician Prospero to learn magic.
The same occurs in the Dungeons and Dragons -based novel series Dragonlance Chronicles , wherein Raistlin Majere seeks out the books of the sorcerer Fistandantilus. Some magicians, even after training, continue their education by learning more spells, inventing new ones and new magical objects , or rediscovering ancient spells, beings, or objects. Strange from the Marvel Universe continues to learn about magic even after being named Sorcerer Supreme. He often encounters creatures that haven't been seen for centuries or more.
In the same universe, Dr. Doom continues to pursue magical knowledge after mastering it by combining magic with science. Fred and George Weasley from Harry Potter invent new magical items and sell them as legitimate defense items. Historically, many self-proclaimed magicians have required rare and precious materials, such as crystal balls , rare herbs often picked by prescribed rituals , and chemicals such as mercury.
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This is less common in fantasy. Many magicians require no materials at all;  : those that do may require only simple and easily obtained materials. Role-playing games are more likely to require such materials for at least some spells to prevent characters from casting them too easily. Wands and staves have long been used as requirements for the magician. Italian fairy tales put wands into the hands of powerful fairies by the late Middle Ages. In The Lord of the Rings , Gandalf refuses to surrender his own staff, breaking Saruman 's, which strips the latter of his power.
This dependency on a particular magical item is common, and necessary to limit the magician's power for the story's sake — without it, the magician's powers may be weakened or absent entirely. Nevertheless, many magicians live in pseudo-medieval settings in which their magic is not put to practical use in society; they may serve as mentors, act as quest companions, or even go on a quest themselves,  : but their magic does not build roads or buildings, provide immunizations, construct indoor plumbing, or do any of the other functions served by machinery; their worlds remain at a medieval level of technology.
Sometimes this is justified by having the negative effects of magic outweigh the positive possibilities.
In Discworld , the importance of wizards is that they actively do not do magic, because when wizards have access to lots of "thaumaturgic energy", they develop many psychotic attributes and may eventually destroy the world. This may be a direct effect or the result of a miscast spell wreaking terrible havoc. In other works, developing magic is difficult. At other times, magic and technology do develop in tandem; this is most common in the alternate history genre.
Heinlein 's Magic, Incorporated , and Poul Anderson 's Operation Chaos all depict modern societies with magic equivalent to twentieth-century technology. In Harry Potter , wizards have magical equivalents to non-magical inventions; sometimes they duplicate them, as with the Hogwarts Express train.
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1) Using 21st Century Market Spot Price for D&D Gold
In The Spotlight. If you have access, university libraries are another good choice for finding scarce materials. Full disclosure: All of the books below are linked to Amazon. These are affiliate links, and purchasing books through these links or anything at Amazon during that session—hey, buy your whole cart while you're there!
Me a small affiliate commission, at no extra cost to you. This helps support the further growth and improvement of the school. In addition, these links are also set up through Amazon Smile to send a percentage of the purchase price to Christian Appalachian Project , also at no extra cost to you. This highly-vetted charity helps to feed and serve the forgotten people of the Appalachian mountains, who are among the poorest and most desperate people in America, and who starve in plain sight without the slightest mention from the media.
All of your purchases through these links will help do a good deed and support these people in need. Many of the books listed below are now, unfortunately, out of print. This includes, inexplicably, many of Aleister Crowley's works, as well as those of Kenneth Grant, Jack Parsons and other key 20th century figures, whose books now command high prices on the second hand market.
Frankly, however, you get what you pay for.
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Many of these books are worth thousands of cheaper but comparatively useless mass market occult books, many of which are just watered-down rehashes of the rarer material anyway. Investment in these books will not only pay off incalculably in terms of personal enlightenment and saved money and time from reading poor quality mass market rehashes , but will also never let one down monetarily, as their value will likely only increase with heightened demand and less availability.
fastmosseveso.ml However, I must also put in a word about occult book speculation. Noticing how much rare occult books go up in value, many publishers have taken to creating artificially scarce "grimoires" with expensive binding and trim in the hope that they can then turn around and re-sell their own books in a year once they are now "scarce" and commanding high prices on eBay.
This is purely a speculator game, and unfortunately diminishes the field. It reminds me of the s comic book world, when publishers rushed to capitalize on a speculator market by making every comic book issue a 1, or printing them with foil covers, or including hologram cards, etc. Any out of print or rare books listed below are expensive not because they were produced for a speculator market, but because they are among the greatest literary treasures of the 20th century, and their scarcity as well as informational content makes them immensely intrinsically valuable to those lucky enough to own copies.
The following are undisputed classics of world spirituality, some of which have stood the test of thousands of years. Wilhelm, Richard, trans. The I Ching. The Wilhelm translation is the best. If you want to be super reductionist, you could probably begin and end with just this. Mathers, MacGregor. The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage. The central text of the Western esoteric tradition—everything else is subsidiary. There is also a newer translation by George Dehn. The Book of the Law.
Related The Wizards Handbook: How to Be a Wizard in the 21st Century
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